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Amytracker compared to Congo Red

Amytracker fluorescence is one order of magnitude brighter than Congo Red. The affinity of Amytracker is in the nM range and thus, Amytracker is typically used at several fold lower concentrations. In a comparative study using human amyloidosis tissue, Amytracker detected amyloid deposits in 15 % of Congo Red negative...
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Does Amytracker bind unspecifically?

We tested a wide range of human tissues and didn't observe unspecific staining in most cell types. Positive Amytracker staining was obtained in Paneth cell granules in the intestine stained and the binding target in these cells is yet unclear. Due to the high sensitivity of Amytracker towards amyloids, and...
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Amytracker for use in various tissues and species

It is likely that Amytracker works on all kinds of tissues and species. Amytracker targets and detects the physical topography of the tertiary- and quaternary structure of mature and pre-fibrillar amyloid deposits. As such it is applicable to a wide range of animal models and different Amytracker molecules have been...
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Fixation technique for Amytracker

Generally, we recommend light fixation using ice-cold ethanol or acetone. This is because formalin-fixation has been shown to reduce the ability to stain inclusion bodies. Otherwise there shouldn't be any issues. You can use paraffin sections or cryosections. Note that epitope exposure and antigen retrieval is not needed when applying...
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Amytracker for detection of Amyloidosis

Amytracker have been shown to bind with high affinity to aggregates composed of transthyretin (TTR) in Drosophila models of transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR), as well as in human tissues. Amytracker have been used to detect aggregates in following forms of human amyloid diseases: AA amyloidosis associated with accumulation of serum amyloid...
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Amytracker Binding

All Amytracker molecules are designed to interact with the same binding site on the amyloid oligomer. Competition assays have shown that Amytracker competes for the congo red binding site but show much higher affinity. In essence the binding cavity and binding mode of Amytracker is is dictated by a groove...
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Amytracker compared to Thioflavin

When Amytracker are not bound to a target, they exhibit an extremely low background fluorescence. Amytracker have also been shown to neither accelerate nor inhibit amyloid formation when used in recommended (substochoimetric) concentrations. Therefore, Amytracker are suitable for fibrillation assays and spectrophotometric detection. Amytracker have been shown to identify pre-fibrillar...
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How should I dilute Amytracker?

We supply Amytracker molecules with high affinity toward amyloid proteins. For staining of cryo- or paraffin sections, diluting the supplied solutions 1:1000 should be sufficient. If you want to increase the intensity, you might increase the concentration and use 1:500 dilution instead. For live cell staining, we usually recommend to...
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Filter Sets to detect Amytracker fluorescence

Filter Sets to detect Amytracker fluorescence

We named our Amytracker molecules after their peak emission wavelength when they are bound to their target. That means, when Amytracker 480 is bound to amyloids, it will emit blue flourescence at peak emission of 480 nm. Our red Amytracker 680 can be imaged at peak emission of 680 nm...
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Amyloids - The Dark Matter of Biology

Amyloids - The Dark Matter of Biology

Under some conditions, peptides or proteins may convert from their soluble forms into unsoluble highly ordered fibrillar aggregates. These aggregates may cause disease through various mechanisms. Prominent examples of aggregating peptides related to neurodegenerative diseases are Amyloid β peptides which play an important role in Alzheimer's disease and aggregating α-synuclein...
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Amytracker for amyloid staining

Amytracker for amyloid staining

Amyloid detection has been notoriously difficult since current methods are either laborious, toxic and/or tend to detect mature fibrils but not protofibrils or premature aggregates. Amytracker are fluorescent tracer molecules binding to amyloids with high sensitivity. Amytracker have been shown to bind to prefibrillar states of amyloids and might therefore...
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Amytracker to investigate amyloid formation

Amytracker to investigate amyloid formation

The kinetics of amyloid formation from conformational conversion of a peptide or protein into its fibrillar form (amyloid) is studied using fibrillation assays using a spectrophotometer. This technique requires extremely low background fluorescence of the unbound probe and Thioflavin T has been widely used for this reason. The kinetic profile...
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Amytracker for Superresolution microscopy

Amytracker for Superresolution microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is becoming an important tool to study biological structures. As super-resolution techniques like STED overcome the physical diffraction limit of light, new microscopes with ever-decreasing resolution limits are being developed. Using these exciting techniques, the constraints are now imposed by the probes used for labelling. With STED microscopy,...
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Amytracker for Amyloid Staining

Amyloids are causative agents in many diseases. More than 30 different precursor proteins and peptides have been reported to form disease-associated amyloids in vivo and the role of pre-fibrillar amyloid species in amyloid toxicity is currently being investigated. As amyloid formation in vivo is slowly progressing, it often takes many...
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Amytracker for Live Cell Imaging

Amytracker for Live Cell Imaging

As functional aspects of amyloids as well as the dynamic processes involving amyloid formation and amyloid toxicity are of growing interest many researchers are interested to study these processes in living cells. Non-invasive techniques like fluorescence microsopy have been perfected in recent years for the study of living cells. Unfortunately,...
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In vivo amyloid staining and Intravital imaging

In vivo amyloid staining and Intravital imaging

Intravital imaging is allowing researchers to capture images of biological processes in live animals. It has become an advanced tool to study the progression of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases in transgenic mice. In vivo imaging using two-photon microscopy is an advantageous technique for observing tissues and organs at high...
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